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Hospital Acquired Pneumonia and Oral Care: Using Data to Change Practice and Improve Outcomes

Dian Baker, Katharine Martinez, Vicki Buchda, Kevin Earle
1 CEUs
$0 Course Price

Course Description:

NV-HAP is costly and preventable with significant impact on patient morbidity and mortality.1,2 While there are recent data showing decreases in many healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), recent publications highlight the understated but significant burden of non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP).3,4 Tracking of NV-HAP is not currently mandated for inpatient settings such as the majority of hospitals and long-term care settings, but prevention strategies would likely impact patient safety, health, and quality of life.5, 6 Currently, there are no consensus guidelines for the implementation of a NV-HAP prevention bundle. An international review of the literature found that most NV- HAP occurs outside of the hospital ICU, meaning that pneumonia occurs in patients who are not critically ill.7,8 For example, Kopp found that 47% of patients with spinal injury suffered sequelae of NV-HAP and were more likely to die, even 10 years after hospitalization.9 Hence, the potential for pneumonia acquisition in the inpatient or long-term care setting is high, and it may be prudent to implement a NV-HAP prevention bundle. The prevention of one pneumonia case would be significant in cost-avoidance and unnecessary patient suffering.

Learning Objectives:
  • Describe outcomes when patients get non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP)
  • Explain the pathophysiology of NV-HAP
  • Explain of maintaining a patient’s oral microbiome during acute care hospitalization
  • Define the role of an oral health educator in a hospital setting
  • Identify the complications that can arise with poor oral health in a hospital setting.
  • Express the importance of a bedside oral exam assessment to individualize oral care for each patient

 
 
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ADA CERP Course

Arizona Dental Association is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider. ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry.

Concerns or complaints about a CE provider may be directed to the provider or to ADA CERP at www.ada.org/goto/cerp